Anemia is a disorder in which your body's tissues don't get enough oxygen because you don't have enough healthy red blood cells.
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If you have anemia, you may feel tired and weak. Anemia can be classified into several forms, each with its own cause. Anemia can range from mild to severe, and it can be temporary or chronic. Consult your doctor if you feel you have anemia. It's possible that it's a sign of something more serious.
Anemia can be treated in a number of ways, ranging from taking vitamins to having surgical operations performed. Some types of anemia can be avoided by eating a well-balanced, varied diet.
1. Anemia Due To Infection and Chronic Illness
Chronic disease and infection, in addition to dietary considerations, can cause anemia by reducing the number of red blood cells produced by the body. Hemoglobin levels decline slightly as a result of this.
Cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney disease, and rheumatoid arthritis are just a few of the disorders that might cause the condition. In some cases, inflammatory chemicals alter the way iron is stored and used in the body, resulting in less iron being available for the production of red blood cells.
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To enhance your health, identify and address the root cause of disorders. In the elderly, even minor cases of chronic disease anemia can raise the risk of death and hospitalization. For these reasons, it is vital to diagnose and treat the sickness, regardless of the origin.
If treating the underlying cause does not solve the condition, supplements may be used. Oral and intravenous options are available. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are sometimes used to stimulate the production of more red blood cells.
2. Anemia Of the Aplastic Nature
This condition occurs when the body's bone marrow produces insufficient blood. The disorder causes RBCs, white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets to be fewer than normal.
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It could be inherited or purchased. Acquired instances might appear suddenly or gradually. Toxins, infectious infections, autoimmune disorders, radiation, chemotherapy, and pregnancy are all probable underlying causes of the acquired type. A related condition is a myelodysplastic syndrome.
Certain drugs, transfusions, or bone marrow stem cell transplants are all effective treatments. Medications function through a number of different processes.
Some may cause the body to produce more blood. Erythropoietin and colony-stimulating factor are examples of medications in this category. Immunosuppressive medications such as cyclosporine, methylprednisolone, and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) may be administered. Because a low WBC count increases the chance of infection, the doctor may give antiviral or antibiotic drugs to reduce the risk of infection.
Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )