Typhoid, also known as typhoid fever or enteric fever, is an infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella enterica serotpye Typhi. Across the world, millions of people are infected annually by typhoid, and about 130,000 to 160,000 of them die. The number of people infected with typhoid each year is very low in North America and the industrialized world, but typhoid is common in developing countries like Nigeria. Typhoid is usually curable, but some bacterial strains are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Symptoms include prolonged fever, fatigue, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, and constipation or diarrhoea. Some patients may have a rash. Severe cases may lead to serious complications or even death.
In this article, you will learn 3 ways typhoid can be contracted, and how you can stay safe.
Drinking Contaminated Water; Make sure you avoid drinking tap water in an untidy and unclean environment, because the probability of the water to have been contaminated is very high. Taking bottle waters is more safe.
Eating Contaminated Foods; If you have the habits of eating out, be careful where you eat, most of local restaurant washes there hand and foods with contaminated tap waters, avoid any restaurant in an unclean environment.
Having Unprotected Sex with a Carrier; having oral or anal with a person who's a carrier of Salmonella typhi bacteria can make you contract it.
How to Prevent Typhoid
Vaccination; Two vaccines have been used for many years to protect people from typhoid fever: an injectable vaccine based on the purified antigen for people aged over 2 years, and a live attenuated oral vaccine in capsule formulation for people aged over 5 years.
Wash hands thoroughly and frequently using soap, in particular after contact with pets or farm animals, or after having been to the toilet.
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