Chicken eggs are one of the most popular foods of all time and nations.
Eggs, which have a very tasty taste, are good for health, are inexpensive and are an integral part of many dishes. However, chicken eggs are also a source of danger, as there is a risk of infection with salmonellosis. How can this be prevented?
Salmonellosis is an acute intestinal infection caused by salmonella bacteria. Infection usually occurs through food (meat and meat products, milk, eggs) from infected animals. Although there are many different ways that Salmonella bacteria can be transmitted, the most common cause is chicken eggs. Therefore, it is important to know and follow some rules to avoid this problem.
First of all, it is important to know that the carrier of the infection is not the egg itself, but the laying hen. Poultry farms, high density of birds in poultry farms, unsanitary storage conditions and poor quality feed are the main reasons for the spread of this disease.
However, even fresh eggs from sick chickens do not contain salmonella. Bacteria are found only in the shell of the egg, especially if there are traces of chicken manure on it. Thus, the infection usually occurs not from the contents of the egg, but from contact with the eggshell.
In the United States, a simple solution to this problem has been found: since the mid-1970s, eggs have been washed on poultry farms and subjected to special decontamination procedures. However, this can have the opposite effect.
According to recent research, during the cleaning of eggs on American poultry farms, a special protective layer in the shell of the egg is broken. However, this layer was created by nature as a natural barrier against various infections. As a result, American eggs always look very clean and beautiful, but are less safe.
If so, how can salmonellosis be prevented? What rules should be followed when buying, storing and preparing eggs?
1. When buying eggs, try to buy eggs produced on small farms, not large ones.
2. When choosing an egg, make sure it is clean and the shell is intact.
3. Keep the egg on a special shelf in the refrigerator and make sure that it does not come into contact with other products.
4. Wash the egg storage containers as often as possible.
5. Before use (but not sooner), wash the egg thoroughly with warm soapy water.
6. During the preparation process, it is necessary to collect and throw away all the shells of the egg, and thoroughly wash all the tools that come in contact with it (knife, cutting board, work surface).
7. Be sure to wash your hands!
These simple guidelines will help you reduce your risk of salmonellosis. But if you want to be 100% sure of your safety, then you should know that salmonella germs are resistant to cold, but are sensitive to heat treatment.
For this reason, when cooking eggs, make sure that the yolk does not remain raw, cook for at least 15-20 minutes from the moment it starts to boil, and if you are making scrambled eggs, fry them on both sides.
It is recommended not to ignore these rules. Because salmonellosis, a very unpleasant and widespread infection, can infect anyone. It is recommended to be more careful, especially in the hot months of the year, when the diet is violated, and during the holidays.
(Source – https://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/food-poisoning/what-is-salmonella)
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