STIs: All you should know about Chlamydia

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Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that's caused by bacteria.

It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. This infection can spread easily because it's often asymptomatic. Hence, sexual partners can pass it to each other without knowing it. 

Approximately 75% of infections in women and 50% in men have no obvious symptoms. If left untreated chlamydia can result in serious complications.

The bacteria, Chlamydia trachomatis spreads through unprotected genital or extragenital sex through the vagina, anus, and mouth. Also, an infected person can transmit it to another through genital contact even if there's no sex. A pregnant woman can infect her baby during delivery.

Symptoms

Abdominal pain

Fever

Pain during sexual intercourse

Vagina itching

Itching around the glans penis

Testicular swelling and itching

Discharge from the penis

Pain during urination

Abnormal vaginal discharge

Painful periods

Complications

Here's a list of complications if chlamydia is left untreated;

1. Pelvic inflammatory disease

2. Ectopic pregnancy

3. Blindness

4. Eye Infections

5. Infertility

6. Urethritis

7. Proctitis

8. Epididymitis

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Photo Credit: scripps

Prevention

Correct use of a condom

Avoid multiple sexual partners

Abstinence

If infected, stop having sex and see a doctor.

There are different tests that can be used to diagnose chlamydia including the presence of the organism in urine. The good news is that Chlamydia is treatable since it's a bacterial infection.

A doctor can prescribe oral antibiotics, usually azithromycin or doxycycline. To avoid reinfection and continuous exposure, both partners are always treated. Severe cases may need treatment in a hospital, intravenous antibiotics are administered.

Upon completion of antibiotics, retesting should be done to be certain the infection is cured.

This is particularly important if not sure your partner was treated. However, get tested even if your partner was treated. Avoid having sexual intercourse until you’re sure both you and your partner no longer have the disease.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )

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