To start with, the kidneys help to remove waste and fluid from your blood to make urine. However, kidney stone occurs when you have a lot of wastes in you body and there is not enough fluid in your blood to flush those wastes, it then build up and stick together in your kidneys causing kidney stone. Therefore the clumps of waste are called kidney stones.
The kidney stone is known to be concentrated urine, which can be painful when passing through the urinary tract. Moreover, it has been said that men are prone to get kidney stone than women.
In others words, there are certain risk factors that shows that one may be likely to have kidney stones, and these factors are;
1. You have had kidney stones before
2. Someone in your family has had kidney stones.
3. You don’t drink enough water.
4. You follow a diet high in protein, sodium and/or sugar.
5. You are overweight or obese.
6. You have had gastric bypass surgery or another intestinal surgery.
7. You have polycystic kidney disease or another cystic kidney disease.
8. You have a certain condition that causes your urine to contain high levels of cystine, oxalate, uric acid or calcium.
9. You have a condition that causes swelling or irritation in your bowel or your joints.
10. You take certain medicines, such as diuretics (water pills) or calcium-based antacids
Symptoms of kidney stone
1. Pain while urinating
2. Blood in your urine
3. Sharp pain in your back or lower abdomen
4. Nausea and vomiting
This illness can be treated, but it depends on how the kidney stone is. Therefore, if you kidney stone is small, it can easily be treated through drinking of much water to flush it out. On the contrary, if the kidney stone is big and blocking the urinary tract, it needs more medical attention other than drinking water. It can be treated through shock wave lithotripsy. This treatment uses shock waves to break up the kidney stones into small pieces, for it to be able to flush out. It can also be treated through ureteroscopy. This treatment is done under general anesthesia.
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Content created and supplied by: Rateme (via Opera News )