Type 2 diabetes is a disease that occurs when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or if there's insulin resistance.
Insulin helps carry glucose (also called blood sugar) to the cells. When there’s inadequate insulin or resistance, glucose builds up in the bloodstream. This spike in glucose is referred to as high blood sugar.
Approximately 1 in 4 people with the condition don’t know that they have it and 90% of people who have diabetes have type 2. The other two most common types of diabetes are type 1, in which the body stops making insulin, and gestational diabetes, which occurs in pregnant women.
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The early signs and symptoms include;
1. Frequent thirst
When sugar spikes up in the bloodstream, the kidneys are overwhelmed in getting rid of it. This mechanism draws so many fluids from the tissues and causes dehydration, thus more thirst.
2. Frequent hunger
Because the cells are starved, this triggers hunger.
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3. Frequent Urination
Since the kidneys are working to get rid of extra sugar in the body, there's urge too sudden urge to pee.
4. Unintentional weight loss
When sugar is lost from urinating a lot, calories are also depleted as well.
The body can’t use energy from food effectively, the person may feel weak and tired.
Excessive loss of water can also cause fatigue.
6. Blurry vision
Elevated blood sugar can cause unclear vision and an inability to focus.
7. Loss of consciousness
Skipping a meal, indulging in physical activity, and other factors can drop blood sugar and make such persons faint.
8. Poor wound healing
High blood sugar can restrict blood flow and make it harder for injury to heal. Over time this can cause nerve damage and insensitivity.
Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )